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合理膳食应遵循哪些饮食原则?
发布时间:2020-10-09   点击次数: 来源:http://www.guoxiaofu.com

  很多人在饮食上没有任何规律,不注意营养的均衡搭配,很容易因为饮食不正常而影响到身体的健康。不要以为不规律饮食没有什么问题,只有在出现问题的时候才会后悔。对于身体不好的人,营养搭配又需要根据自身情况来确定。那么有哪些饮食原则可以做到合理搭配营养呢?让我一起来了解一下。

  Many people do not have any regular diet, do not pay attention to the balanced collocation of nutrition, it is easy to affect the health of the body because of the abnormal diet. Don't think that there is nothing wrong with irregular diet. You will regret it only when there is a problem. For people with poor health, nutrition needs to be determined according to their own situation. So what are the dietary principles that can be reasonably matched with nutrition? Let me find out.
  合理膳食应遵循哪些饮食原则?
  What dietary principles should a reasonable diet follow?
  1、挑食偏食不可取
  1. Picky food is not advisable
  拒绝挑食偏食,不能因为不喜欢哪样就不吃,喜欢什么就使劲的吃,这样会导致补充了这类营养,又缺失了那样营养。蔬菜水果、肉食都要均衡的食用。
  If you refuse to be picky and partial, you can't stop eating just because you don't like it, and you can't eat what you like. This will lead to the supplement of this kind of nutrition and the lack of that kind of nutrition. Vegetables, fruits and meat should be balanced.
  2、保证主食的摄入
  2. Ensure the intake of staple food
  有很多人为了减肥,常常不吃米饭等主食,但这是不可取的,多少也要吃一点,主食是营养搭配最基础的食物。以谷类为主要,可以适当的搭配一些杂粮粗粮。因为你得保证每一餐摄入足够的能量,才能为你接下来的工作或学习提供精力,避免因为精力不足而影响工作学习。
  There are many people in order to lose weight, often do not eat rice and other staple food, but this is not desirable, how much to eat a little, staple food is the most basic food with nutrition. Cereals as the main, can be appropriate with some coarse cereals. Because you have to ensure that you eat enough energy in each meal, in order to provide energy for your next work or study, avoid the impact of insufficient energy on work and study.
            小焖锅加盟
  3、保证肉类的摄入
  3. Ensure meat intake
  不能光吃菜不吃肉,肉类可以提供蛋白质等高级的营养物质,鱼肉里含有较多的不饱和脂肪酸,吃了很健康,瘦肉里面的血红素铁可以为身体补充铁元素,对于身体健康是十分需要的,总之就是要保证蛋白质等的摄入量,以免营养不良。
  You can't just eat vegetables without meat. Meat can provide high-level nutrients such as protein. Fish contains more unsaturated fatty acids, so it is very healthy to eat. Heme iron in lean meat can supplement iron for the body, which is very necessary for health. In short, it is necessary to ensure the intake of protein, so as to avoid malnutrition.
  4、保证蔬菜水果的摄入
  4. Ensure the intake of vegetables and fruits
  蔬菜水果中含有丰富的维生素、膳食纤维以及糖分水分等,有很多人是不喜欢吃蔬菜的,蔬菜中含有的维生素是人体所必须的,而膳食纤维又有促进肠道消化的功能,所以每餐都需要有蔬菜。
  Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, dietary fiber and sugar and water. Many people do not like to eat vegetables. The vitamins contained in vegetables are necessary for human body, and dietary fiber can promote intestinal digestion, so vegetables are needed for every meal.
  5、少吃零食、坚持喝牛奶
  5. Eat less snacks, insist on drinking milk
  像饮料、薯片、辣条等都是属于高热量食物,吃多了对身体没有好处,还有炸鸡、汉堡、薯条等油炸食品,吃多了也不利于健康。要是想吃就选择低热量、低糖分的零食。豆制品也是需要摄入的,每天坚持喝一杯牛奶,对小孩子的身体发育也有好处,最好是再搭配一个鸡蛋,同时又补充了蛋白质。
  For example, drinks, potato chips, hot chips and so on are high calorie food. Eating too much is not good for your health. There are fried chicken, hamburger, French fries and other fried food. Eating too much is not conducive to health. If you want to eat, choose low calorie, low sugar snacks. Bean products also need to be taken in. Drinking a cup of milk every day is good for children's physical development. It's better to add an egg and add protein at the same time.
  6、控糖、少盐、少油,少脂饮食
  6. Control sugar, less salt, less oil, less fat diet
  不能摄入过多的盐、糖、油、脂肪,时间久了对身体有一定的影响,尽量每餐都将油盐、脂肪等的摄入量控制在一个合理的范围内,避免出现其他身体疾病。
  Don't eat too much salt, sugar, oil and fat. A long time will have a certain impact on the body. Try to control the intake of oil, salt, fat, etc. in a reasonable range for each meal to avoid other physical diseases.
  日常健康饮食相当重要,病从口入,很多疾病与饮食有着密切关系。注意营养搭配均衡,不要挑食,也不能暴饮暴食,多喝水,少喝饮料,不喝酒,不吸烟,多吃蔬菜水果。
  It is very important to have a healthy diet every day. Many diseases are closely related to diet. Pay attention to balanced nutrition, not picky food, also can not overeat, drink more water, drink less drinks, do not drink, do not smoke, eat more vegetables and fruits.


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